According to international portals, the Android operating system is installed on 66.71% of all mobile devices in the world. So it is not surprising that many novice IT specialists want to realize their ambitions on this platform. In this article, we will cover the topic of choosing a language for mobile platforms, but we will dwell on Android in more detail. Here are a few languages that will allow you to create a mobile application of any type and complexity. All of them are used by the mobile app development company that is working on creating of new applications.
It is no big exaggeration to call Java the official language of Android. In any case, almost all educational documentation, all online courses are based on this. It is also the most popular TIOBE rating language, which is a great, beautiful language. That is why learning Java should be a priority for any Android developer. Let it be difficult (after all, the language is 22 years old, and ease has never been its skate), let it be theoretically possible to get by with more modern languages, remember – it is impossible to achieve significant success on Android without absolutely understanding Java, not to mention specific sources.
In the texts about underestimated programming languages, you often could see explanations why Kotlin itself is a great language, and in conjunction with Java it is even better. Indeed, officially released not so long ago, Kotlin very quickly wins the hearts of developers around the world with an almost complete lack of flaws. With its help (more precisely, using the native IntelliJ IDEA environment) you will not feel any problems in the development of native applications for Android. At the same time, the demand for Kotlin specialists is still low, which means that having gained experience working with it, you run the risk of gaining a competitive advantage in the future.
C / C++
In fact, Google provides developers with two development environments: the SDK designed to work with Java, and the NDK, where the native languages are C / C ++. Yes, of course you will not write an entire application using only these languages, but with their help you can create a library, which later using Java to connect to the main body of the program. Despite the fact that the vast majority of developers do not care about NDK, nevertheless, using this tool you will get better results in terms of productivity and internal resources. And this is exactly what distinguishes a good application idea from a good implementation on Android.
Lua is a language that is older than Java, much less popular, but still in demand. It has a number of advantages, such as dynamic typing, relatively simple syntax, but it has survived to this day thanks to involvement in games. It was the convenience of creating a software layer between the engine and the shell that opened the doors to the world of pocket gadgets before Lua. Corona SDK is an environment for developing mobile cross-platform applications, mainly games, where Lua is the main tool. Since 2015, it has been distributed for free, designed for beginner developers, plus you can find a lot of useful information on the Internet.